Miayam


The Brutalist Blog Site Built & Designed By Muhammad D. R.

A blog site to store thoughts and ideas. Built and designed solely by yours truly. It stays being true to itself. An entity that is an inhabitant of the web. HTML, CSS, JavaScript and everything in between bundled together. It's ugly, brutal, a dead simple site, a sore to the eyes, but having no more than is really needed.

This project also includes a starter pack to build a blog site with Eleventy. Look into init branch.

Table of Contents

Introduction

A starter project to rebuild miayam.io from the ground up using Eleventy and friends. It is a foundation on which new miayam.io will be built. Removing Jekyll entirely from the code base 💩.

What I need for a brutalist blog site:

  • A simple design, component based design that's easy to change and work with. It doesn't have to be React, Angular, Vue or Svelt.
  • Performance. A super fast jellyfish. 100% lighthouse score.
  • SEO.
  • PWA. Well, I just want to display pictures of cute girls when offline.

Therefore, this starter project must be:

Boring

I believe in boring technology. Shiny new technology will be obselete in no time, but boring tech will not. Pug for templating engine / presentational component. SCSS for styling. Vanilla JS for manipulating the DOM, scripting repetitive tasks and configuration.

Atomic

Atomic Design is a way to go. It makes the design modular that can be easily managed and updated. Thanks to Daniel Tonon for this great article. He encourages us to combine modified BEM naming convention with atomic design methodology. He also wrote pros and cons for his approach and let us decide and manage the trade off.

Here is the file structure:

src
└── _includes
    ├── atoms
    |    └── button
    |       ├── index.pug
    |       ├── _index.scss
    |       └── index.js
    |── molecules
    |── organisms
    └── templates

_includes is an entry point in which Eleventy looks for layouts.

As Little Assets As Possible

Webpack is a bundle manager + task runner for this project. Any changes to _includes/templates/**/*/index.js or _includes/templates/**/*/_index.scss is watched and rebuilt by Webpack. Webpack bundles JavaScript and SCSS code in multiple entry points reside in _includes/templates which will be injected on every template by HtmlWebpackPlugin. Eleventy will do the rest.

Here is the file structure:

src
└── _includes
    ├── atoms
    ├── molecules
    ├── organisms
    └── templates
         ├── base
         |  └── index.pug
         ├── 404
         |  ├── index.pug
         |  ├── _index.scss
         |  └── index.js
         └── home
            ├── index.pug
            ├── _index.scss
            └── index.js

Here is the snippet from webpack.common.js.

const ENTRY_POINTS = [
'home',
'404'
];

const multipleHtmlPlugins = ENTRY_POINTS.map(name => {
return new HtmlWebpackPlugin({
template: `${basePath}/_includes/templates/base/index.pug`,
filename: `${basePath}/_includes/templates/${name}/index.pug`,
chunks: [`${name}`],
inject: false,
hash: true,
templateParameters: {
// For now, disable analytics for
// starter project landing page
analytics: name !== 'home'
}
});
});

module.exports = {
entry: ENTRY_POINTS.reduce((prev, curr) => {
return {
...prev,
[curr]: `./src/_includes/templates/${curr}/index.js`
}
}, {}),
plugins: [
...multipleHtmlPlugins,
... // The rest.
]
... // The rest.
};

Here is how we inject assets on base template (_includes/templates/base/index.pug):

body
//- Inject assets. 6 spaces is necessary, so that `HtmlWebpackPugPlugin` can
//- translate this snippet to proper pug syntax.
<%= htmlWebpackPlugin.files.css.map((css) => (
`link(href=\'${css}\', rel='stylesheet')`).join('\n ')`
)) %>
<%= htmlWebpackPlugin.files.js.map((js) => (
`script(src=\'${js}\', type='text/javascript', async)`).join('\n ')`
)) %>

Therefore, every template will have unique minified, production ready assets that's only needed by pages that include it. About page will not load assets required by Home page. As little assets as possible.

Usage

Requirement

You must install nvm. You will be using Node version set in .nvmrc.

After you have installed nvm, run this command:

$ nvm install
$ nvm use

Development

Install all dependencies:

$ npm install

To prevent build error, you have to rename .env.example to .env. After that, run this command:

$ npm run start

The .env file consist of constant variables like GA_TRACKER_ID_PROD, GA_TRACKER_ID_DEV or anything else.

Webpack bundles the assets, Eleventy will do the rest.

Open localhost:1992 to see the result.

Production

To build production ready bundle, run this command:

$ npm run build

You can host it on Github Pages, Netlify, or else.

Special Thanks

The Reason Why I Migrate From Jekyll to Eleventy

At first, miayam.io was a personal blog site built with Jekyll using a theme I pick carelessly without thinking. 2 years later since its inception, I almost forget half of the code. Ruby seems foreign to me. The more I tinker with it, the more befuddled I am. So, I decided to burn it down and rebuild it from the ground up.

I was looking for an alternative to Jekyll written in JavaScript because I am a boring web developer you could find anywhere else. I have tried Gatsby and wound up getting bored. All those shiny new technologies Gatsby has to offer are not really what I need. I have tried Hexo, it had similar ambience with Jekyll but it didn't spark joy.

And then, there was Eleventy... It really is like a magical glove that just fit my brain perfectly. It does one thing and does it well. A simple SSG (Static Site Generator) that helps provide minimum barebone for the next generation of miayam.io. And for good reason, the batteries are not included.